Injuries to ankle ligaments typically fall into one of two buckets: Lateral and syndesmotic. Read on to learn about the clinical tests available.
If one knows anatomy and the actions of the muscles, the performance of the various tests discussed here becomes rather intuitive.
Are you using PRECISE measures? Orthopedics is about precision. Why do we wiggle a joint and subjectively draw a conclusion about its instability? We need to do better. Research has demonstrated digital inclinometers are a more accurate method of assessment (6° minimum significant difference) of knee range of motion than …
Structural tests of the hip can include screening for fractures or local lesions and assessing leg length discrepancy.